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The Scilla rosenii and the Siberian Fawn Lily Erythronium sibiricum — both bulbous plants — have formed delightful colonies that are now 17 years old. Opposite the pond, there is a stone landscape with primulas.

Supplemental Content

This section presents a host of colourful species in the spring, most suited to a cool climate. Later in the year it is ablaze with other tall, sweetly smelling species that bloom in the summer and autumn.

Original Articles

The slipper flowers from the Calceolaria species and the Antarctic Beech Nothofagus antarctica come from the southernmost tip of South America. The thorn-like leaf tips of the Aciphylla species from New Zealand incredibly, a type of parsley were developed by the plant as protection against being eaten by the large numbers of birds that previously fed on the grassy meadows there.


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New Zealand has no indigenous mammals, nor marsupials. Animals do graze the grasslands today, but the flightless moa bird and its descendants have unfortunately long since become extinct.

An Interdisciplinary Journal

In the southernmost part of this area, you can also see surprisingly many species from South Africa, including the White-eyed Ice Plant, Delosperma basuticum , which thrives as long as it is planted in dry mountain cracks. One of the purposes of the garden is to preserve the garden traditions of Northern Norway.


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A nearby collection features herbs, medicinal plants and plants used in sorcery. A heart-shaped bed is home to the most important plants of all — plants for love. The garden is open all year round, but is naturally best to visit when it is not covered in snow.

Tromsø Arctic-Alpine Botanical Garden

In a normal year, the flowers will bloom roughly as follows:. A small cafe is open in the mornings in summer. Admission to the garden is free, and there is a car park below the garden. It takes around 40 minutes to walk up, but bus route 20 from the town centre to the Northern Lights Planetarium runs regularly. From there, it is a delightful walk through the woods to the garden.

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In this Research Topic we invite Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine microbiologists and biogeochemists to contribute new understanding of microbial and biogeochemical responses to the fast changing polar and alpine environments. Interdisciplinary approaches to investigate microbial and biogeochemical processes in polar and alpine regions are welcome, such as combinations of next generation multi-omics and geochemical analyses. Important Note : All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements.

Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

Table of contents

With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! The growing season ranges from 50 to 60 days. Rainfall may vary in different regions of the arctic. Yearly precipitation, including melting snow, is 15 to 25 cm 6 to 10 inches. Soil is formed slowly. A layer of permanently frozen subsoil called permafrost exists, consisting mostly of gravel and finer material.

When water saturates the upper surface, bogs and ponds may form, providing moisture for plants. There are no deep root systems in the vegetation of the arctic tundra, however, there are still a wide variety of plants that are able to resist the cold climate.


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There are about 1, kinds of plants in the arctic and subarctic, and these include: low shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, and grasses varieties of flowers crustose and foliose lichen All of the plants are adapted to sweeping winds and disturbances of the soil. Plants are short and group together to resist the cold temperatures and are protected by the snow during the winter.

They can carry out photosynthesis at low temperatures and low light intensities.

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