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Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site. Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video.
YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California ; the domain name www. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo , shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo ; the video was uploaded on April 23, , can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May ; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November The site grew and, in July , the company announced that more than 65, new videos were being uploaded every day, that the site was receiving million video views per day.
In May , 48 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute, which increased to 60 hours every minute in January , hours every minute in May , hours every minute in November , hours every minute in February ; as of January , the site had million unique users a month.
It is estimated that in YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in According to third-party web analytics providers and SimilarWeb , YouTube is the second-most visited website in the world, as of December Spain Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula , its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.
Escuela de frikis (School of Fear)
Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of , km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe , the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union , the fourth largest country in the European continent.
By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35, years ago.
Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician , Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around BCE, after which the region was named Hispania , based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe , invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals.
The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo , which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate , who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year , leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada ; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon , Kingdom of Castile , Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista , which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples , had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis , meaning "city of the western world". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean.
The word in question means " Hyrax " due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia , reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" Hesperia. On 31 December , the paper published its last edition as a party organ , the next day, 1 January , the first day of the Universal Exposition of Barcelona, it presented a new, politically independent format with morning and afternoon editions.
It is one of the oldest papers in Spain , is the only Catalan newspaper that has survived all the Spanish regime changes, from the restoration of Alfonso XII to the 21st century. In the late s and s La Vanguardia had close connections with Union alliance. In La Vanguardia received the second largest amount of state aid.
La Vanguardia was published in berliner format until 2 October when it began to use tabloid format. The daily was awarded the World's Best Designed Newspaper for by the Society for News Design ; the circulation of La Vanguardia was , copies in February and , copies in February Five years the circulation of the paper was , copies in February In La Vanguardia had a circulation of , copies, making it the fifth best selling newspaper in Spain.
In it was the fourth best selling newspaper in the country with a circulation of , copies. La Vanguardia had a circulation of , copies in , its circulation was , copies in Between June and July the daily had a circulation of , copies; the circulation of the paper was , copies.
It was , copies in ; the newspaper prints daily in two parallel editions, one in Spanish and, since 3 May , another one in Catalan. The Spanish name La Vanguardia is used for both editions. Before the birth of the Catalan edition, letters to the editor submitted in Catalan were always left untranslated.
Fisher; the world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers pp —37 La Vanguardia newspaper website. Integrated Authority File The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners.
The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April , the GND held 9,, files, including 2,, personalised names.
It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process.
The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, ; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file.
Javier Gomá - Wikipedia
In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records. The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records.